Ajanta and Ellora – Hindu, Buddhist and Jain Caves



When we booked it this seemed like a good idea.  Taking a series of three overnight flights from Kathmandu to Delhi, then to Mumbai and from there to Aurangabad, so that we could spend the day visiting the UNESCO world heritage Ajanta and Ellora caves.  Remind me of this in the future.

We arrived at Aurangabad airport at 0615.  We left Kathmandu at 1400 yesterday and in the meantime have been to both Delhi and Mumbai airports  We spent most of the night outside check in at Mumbai Airport.  It was NOT a good way to get here.

However, don’t let that put you off coming to Ajanta and Ellora.


Ajanta and Ellora in a day

We pre-booked a car and driver using the TripAdvisor forum.  Mr Taqui Hussein picked us up from the airport, drove us to Ajanta, then Ellora and finally dropped us outside the Railway Station in Aurangabad.  He was fabulous. We paid 3,500 INR for the full day, including any parking charges.   Our route took us to the Ajanta Caves for opening time, then back to Ellora and we were dropped off at the Aurangabad Railway Station at the end of the day.  Our total distance was 230 kilometres.


It always feels like we’re cheating when we arrange a car and driver, but this is only the second time we’ve done this in India, so I think we’re excused!   The reason for the overnight flight, and trying to see Ajanta and Ellora in one day is that our time frame has changed.  We need to be back in Bengalaru for an Indian wedding, so we have a GREAT reason to step things up!

Aurangabad to Ajanta

It’s 100 kilometres, or around 2.5 hours from Aurangabad to Ajanta.  Aurangabad is the closest town that we could fly to.  We managed a quick stop for breakfast on the way before arriving at Ajanta at opening time.

The Ajanta Caves

Since 1983 the Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.   The Indian Archeological Society describes them as the “finest surviving examples of Indian art, particularly painting”.  The caves date from 400 BC and contain Buddhist religious art and Jataka depictions.  The Jataka are native to India and tell the stories of the previous lives of the Buddha.  There are about 30 caves cut into a cliff in a gorge above the river Waghur.


Ajanta was rediscovered by accident by a British hunting party in 1819.   It’s thought that the paintings are related to the gorgeous Sigiriya in Sri Lanka.

Access Ajanta Via Bus

Mr Hussein drops us in the car park, where we head to the buses.  It’s not exactly busy here, so while the sign might say that there are AC buses, there aren’t.  But there’s a breeze, so the open window works reasonably well.  The bus up to the bus park by the caves doesn’t take long.  And its not even worth considering walking to save the 15 INR that the bus costs, unless of course, you’re nuts in this heat.



Ajanta Caves Tickets

We buy a ticket here for 250 INR, the Foreign Tourist price.  There are guides available, pricing depends upon the size of your group, but we stick with the Indian Archeological Society notes we’ve downloaded.  From here it’s all walking.


The Ajanta Caves Site

The caves are located in the cliffs on a bend in the river.  It’s a horseshoe shaped gorge.  The site itself is lovely.  The paths are well maintained and the signage is great.  If there’s a large tour group anywhere near you, then stop and wait until they pass, it’s well worth the solitude.


Tips for Visiting Ajanta Caves

  • Take water with you.  There is water available at the restaurant by the ticket office, but not once you leave there.
  • The restaurant by the ticket office does a great thali for lunch and looked much cleaner than the places near the car park.
  • Take a hat or an umbrella, outside the caves the sun is amazingly strong and reflects off the rocks.You will need to remove your shoes to visit some caves, so consider your footwear.  The paths are in good condition, but there are some steps/uneven areas and it’s a little slippery.
  • Remember the Camera!  There are several viewpoints throughout the site – we didn’t make it to the high one because of the heat, but it didn’t detract from the fact that this is an incredible site and reasonably well preserved.



Ajanta Cave One

This (and cave two) are the most beautifully painted caves here.  There are fragments of the paintings left and they are quite stunning.  Try and visit when they’re empty of people.  You can take photographs but there is no flash photography.





Ajanta Cave Two

Be sure to look up when you walk around this cave.  The ceiling paintings are just spectacular.   It is incredible to see the brightness of the colours and consider their age.






As you walk around the gorge, it really is a simply stunning spectacle.  You’ll stop each time you come out of a cave, slip your shoes back on and just, well, look.







Ajanta And Ellora-Ajanta-Caves-6

The paintings are simply gorgeous, the caves are incredible and this is well worth a visit, but we must move on.  We have a quick thali and a cold drink at the restaurant by the ticket office and then head back on the bus to the car park.

Ajanta to Ellora

It takes nearly two hours to drive to Ellora, its back in the direction of Aurangabad, so we’ll be close to our final destination for the day when we’re finished.

Ellora Caves

We arrived at the Ellora Caves area by 1400.  It was pretty hot and pretty busy too, so we took the advice of Mr Hussein to focus our time here.    Ellora is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and combines Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples and caves. There are 17 Hindu caves, 12 are Buddhist and 5 are Jain.  They’re all in amazingly close proximity and were carved and built between the 5th and 10th centuries.

We headed to the biggest cave first.  This is Cave 16.

The Kailasa Temple

The Kailasa Temple, or Cave 16, is dedicated to Shiva. It looks more like a multi storey temple complex, but was actually carved out of a single piece of rock.  This area is twice the size of the Greek Parthenon in Athens.  It is VAST.




The Dashavatara

This is also known as Cave 15.  These caves are so very different from Ajanta.  They’re much bigger for a start.  The ones that we visit have multiple storeys to them and, while this cave was started as a Buddhist monastery, this is now a Hindu cave.







We manage to visit several of the Buddhist and several Jain caves too.

The carving here is spectacular, the sheer size amazing.   The crowds lessen as we move to the smaller temples, but it’s so very hot and we spent the night outside an airport.  The cool relief of the caves is marvellous.  If you make it here, be sure to go to the smaller caves, get away from the crowds and walk through the seeming maze of different routes.

Ellora to Aurangabad

At the end of the day, Mr Hussein dropped us off at the Hotel Preetam in Aurangabad.  We selected this place because, If you were any closer to the train station you’d be sleeping on the tracks.  We have a 0600 train tomorrow, to Nashik, where we’re going Wine Tasting India style.





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About Sarah Carter

Sarah Carter is an avid reader, writer and traveller. She loves hiking, sailing, skiing and exploring the world through food. She left a successful career in IT security and compliance in both the UK and US to travel the world with husband and partner in adventure, Nigel.

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2 thoughts on “Ajanta and Ellora – Hindu, Buddhist and Jain Caves

  • katvandu

    Wow Sarah your travels sound amazing! I love watching the Amazing Race here in the U.S. but don’t always want to go everywhere they are. I doubt I will ever get into the areas of India you traveled but truly enjoy reading and seeing your photos! Travel on!

    • ASocialNomad Post author

      Thanks so much! Sometimes I think we should change our tagline to be “we go there, so you don’t have to” 😉 India is well worth the trip, but she’s a hard country to travel in as a western woman.